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Fertility Treatments

At Bioart Fertility Centre, we specialize in all aspects of ART including:

IVF stands for in vitro fertilization. It’s one of the more widely known types of assisted reproductive technology (ART).  IVF works by using a combination of medicines and surgical procedures to help sperm fertilize an egg, and help the fertilized egg implant in your uterus.

First, you take medication that makes several of your eggs mature and ready for fertilization. Then the doctor takes the eggs out of your body and mixes them with sperm in a lab, to help the sperm fertilize the eggs. Then they put 1 or more fertilized eggs (embryos) directly into your uterus. Pregnancy happens if any of the embryos implant in the lining of your uterus.

IVF has many steps, and it takes several months to complete the whole process. It sometimes works on the first try, but many people need more than 1 round of IVF to get pregnant. IVF definitely increases your chances of pregnancy if you’re having fertility problems, but there’s no guarantee — everyone’s body is different and IVF won’t work for everyone.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is performed as an additional part of an IVF treatment cycle where a single sperm is injected into each egg to assist fertilisation using very fine micro-manipulation equipment. In most cases, ICSI can be used to overcome severe male infertility.

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection is recommended for couple’s who have been diagnosed with male fertility issues such as low sperm count, low sperm morphology or motility, anti-sperm antibodies or have previously had a vasectomy or unsuccessful vasectomy reversal.

We can also use this technique for couples who have experienced poor or no fertilisation rates using standard IVF

is an extension of Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and stands for Physiological Intra-Cytoplamsic Sperm Injection (PICSI). Similarly to ICSI, it involves the selection of motile sperm for injection, but rather than simply using conventional visual cues (morphology and motility), it involves selecting mature sperm which bind to hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid is a major component of the cumulus complex which surrounds the egg/oocyte and provides a selective barrier that excludes functionally deficient sperm during fertilisation in vivo (within the body). It does this by only allowing a sperm that carries a hyaluronan specific receptor to bind and penetrate the cumulus complex of the oocyte.

This, therefore, means that a sperm’s ability to bind to hyaluronic acid (HA) is a biological maker of the sperm’s maturity and DNA (or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in humans and almost all other organisms) integrity.

is the genetic profiling of embryos prior to implantation (as a form of embryo profiling), and sometimes even of oocytes prior to fertilization. PGD is considered in a similar fashion to prenatal diagnosis. When used to screen for a specific genetic disease, its main advantage is that it avoids selective abortion, as the method makes it highly likely that the baby will be free of the disease under consideration. PGD thus is an adjunct to assisted reproductive technology, and requires in vitro fertilization (IVF) to obtain oocytes or embryos for evaluation. Embryos are generally obtained through blastomere or blastocyst biopsy. The latter technique has proved to be less deleterious for the embryo, therefore it is advisable to perform the biopsy around day 5 or 6 of development.

Freezing your sperm and embryos is very common now. The process of freezing them is called vitrification. It appears that all can be frozen successfully for an indefinite period of time with no harm to them or any pregnancy that results from them. There are no increased risks of genetic problems in children born from frozen embryos or sperm. These children appear to be as normal as children who are conceived naturally.

Oocyte cryopreservation or vitrification (egg freezing) is a rapidly advancing, breakthrough technology in which a woman’s eggs (oocytes) are extracted, frozen and stored (oocyte bank). Later, when she is ready to become pregnant, the eggs can be thawed, fertilized, and transferred to the uterus as embryos.

Unfortunately over 50,000 reproductive-age women are diagnosed with cancer each year in the United States only. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are toxic for oocytes, leaving few, if any, viable eggs. Egg freezing offers women with cancer the chance to preserve their eggs so that they can have children in the future.

Oocyte cryopreservation is aimed at three particular groups of women: those diagnosed with cancer who have not yet begun chemotherapy or radiotherapy; those undergoing treatment with assisted reproductive technologies who do not consider embryo freezing an option and those who would like to preserve their future ability to have children, either because they do not yet have a partner, or for other personal or medical reasons.

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a simple procedure that puts sperm directly inside your uterus, which helps healthy sperm get closer to your egg.

How does IUI work? IUI stands for in intrauterine insemination. It’s also sometimes called donor insemination, alternative insemination, or artificial insemination. IUI works by putting sperm cells directly into your uterus around the time you’re ovulating, helping the sperm get closer to your egg. This cuts down on the time and distance sperm has to travel, making it easier to fertilize your egg.

Before having the insemination procedure, you may take fertility medicines that stimulate ovulation. Semen is collected from your partner or a donor. It goes through a process called “sperm washing” that collects a concentrated amount of healthy sperm from the semen.

Then your doctor puts the sperm right into your uterus. Pregnancy happens if sperm fertilizes your egg, and the fertilized egg implants in the lining of your uterus. IUI is a simple and low-tech procedure, and it can be less expensive than other types of fertility treatments. It increases your chances of pregnancy, but everyone’s body is different, so there’s no guarantee that IUI will work.

The first step of pregnancy occurs when sperm fertilize an egg. In cases of natural conception, fertilization takes place in the fallopian tube when you have intercourse around the time of ovulation.

The fertilized egg, now called the embryo, then travels from the fallopian tube into your uterus for implantation. Implantation takes place about a week after fertilization.

If you use IVF to conceive, fertilization takes place outside of your body. After several days, your doctor transfers the embryo into your uterus, where it will hopefully implant and grow. With both natural conception and IVF, the embryo must hatch before it can implant in the womb. To successfully hatch, the embryo must spontaneously rupture through its outer layer, called the zona pellucida.

Surgical sperm retrieval (SSR) involves extracting sperm from the male genital tract (the testis or epididymis) to use for assisted reproductive techniques (ART). The actual technique used depends on the nature and site of the underlying infertility problem. Techniques range from simple needle aspiration of the epididymis (PESA) or testis (TESA) through the scrotal skin, to the more advanced microsurgical sperm extraction from the testicle.

Sperm collection from the male genital tract (the testis or epididymis) for use in assisted reproductive techniques e.g. IVF / intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)

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